The BackgroundEarlier this summer, Disney settled a defamation lawsuit with Beef Producers Inc.(BPI) to the tune of $177 million. BPI filed the suit after Disney-owned ABC released a report by Jim Avila on the company's use of of lean, finely-textured beef ABC referred to as "pink slime", which BPI claimed damaged their reputation. With the notable exception of AIG, all of the company's insurers had agreed to the payout. After the settlement, Disney looked to its insurers for reimbursement; their specialty insurance claim with AIG had a liability limit of $25 million. Disney has motioned to place the issue before an arbitration panel in an effort to obtain the reimbursement.
AIG's ClaimsAIG's counter arguments to Disney's motion to compel arbitration are based on two factors: jurisdiction, and the claim that Disney and AIG already underwent non-binding mediation. The insurance provider made three separate jurisdiction claims:
- "Disney's standing to bring motion" - AIG states in the documents, "[i]t is black letter law that a parent company does not have standing to sue to enforce the contractual rights of its subsidiaries." Disney is ABC's parent company, and AIG believes they have no legal footing to enforce their subsidiary's contractual rights.
- "Whether Necessary and Indispensable Parties Destroy Diversity Jurisdiction" - as the motion documents describe, "AIG next argues that ABC and Avila are necessary and indispensable parties that were not joined to this action by Disney because to do so would have defeated the Court’s diversity jurisdiction."
- "Disney Violated the Contractual Waiting Period" - Lastly, AIG claims that Disney did not wait the required 60 days after mediation to file the motion.
The Court's RulingAll of AIG's arguments were found to be invalid. The documents expounded on each ruling. For the jurisdictional claims:
- "Disney's standing to bring motion" - Although ABC is Disney's subsidiary, Disney is the "Named Insured" on the policy, giving them full rights to enforce their contract. The document also clarifies, "Moreover, the Policy’s definition of 'Insured' includes 'subsidiaries of the named insured, but only with respect to wrongful acts which occur while they are a subsidiary' as well as 'any past, present or future principal . . . [or] employee . . . of the named insured or subsidiary . . . .' "
- "Whether Necessary and Indispensable Parties Destroy Diversity Jurisdiction" - While the document goes in depth to classify what constitutes "necessary" and "indispensable", the ruling basically finds that ABC and Avila were neither.
- "Disney Violated the Contractual Waiting Period" - This claim relies wholly on the idea that Disney and AIG did, in fact, undergo mediation. As that was not found to be the case, this claim is invalid.
"[The] June 22 letter claims that AIG 'formally commences nonbinding mediation' under the Policies. Respectfully, Disney does not believe that AIG can unilaterally “commence” mediation under the ADR clause. Rather, Disney regards AIG’s position as 'electing' mediation pursuant to that clause. Disney has not determined at this time what ADR process it will elect with respect to this Claim. As you know, the [redacted] Parties have just executed a settlement agreement, the terms of which will not be fully consummated for another two months. Also, we do not yet know the Disney team’s availability for ADR proceedings.”The two companies continued negotiations in person, by phone, and by email throughout July and August. AIG claims this qualified as mediation, adding that, "“[t]wo insurance brokers who were involved in the instant coverage dispute sought to assist the parties with their discussions and facilitated the mediation." Disney representatives have gone on record stating that at no point did they consider any of the contact as mediation. Testimony by AIG's supposed impartial mediators also played a role, with Jacqueline Waters saying,
"I did not act as a neutral, impartial participant in those discussions. I did not view my role as being a mediator during those discussions. I acted in the same claims advocate role as I would in any other dispute between an insured client and a carrier. I did not understand the settlement discussions that took place between AIG and [Disney] over the summer of 2017 to be a mediation. No mediator, panel, or mediation facility was involved, and no mediation briefs were exchanged."The Court ruled that these interactions did not qualify as mediation, and granted Disney's motion to compel arbitration. The two parties disputed where the arbitration would take place; AIG requesting New York and Disney requesting Los Angeles. As the Court was forced to order a location for the arbitration, it settled on Los Angeles, stating, "The Court would thus find that it may only order arbitration at JAMS Los Angeles as of the two options it alone is within the Court’s judicial district." Source: United States District Court Central District of California